Lift is the type of force produced due to the pressure difference around airfoil surface. Normally there are 8 factors effecting lift out of which 3 of them are the most common ones density, surface area and velocity.
If airfoil is exposed to more dynamic pressure then it means that it will encounter more air particles which then further produce lift. However the lift phenomenon is directly affected by the density because it is the parameter used to define the number of molecules available in unit volume. If the density of air is high then it means that more lift will produce.
A similar phenomenon is observed with the velocity because higher velocity will allow more molecules to interact with the airfoil.
Lift has also direct relation with the pressure. If we focus on the definition of pressure, it is force per unit area which means that if we have higher wing surface area then higher force will generate which further enhances lift.
There are some other parameters also on which pilot don’t have any control. Out of those, first one is the aspect ratio which deals with the shape of wing and is under consideration at the time of designing.
Along with that other factor is the viscosity. If we have high viscosity then it will reduce the velocity of air which further reduces the lift.
In order to accommodate maximum factors which affects the lift behaviour, a coefficient of lift is introduced whose value strongly depends upon the airfoil shape and AOA. In order to control the lift of aircraft at the time of take-off and landing, flaps are used to chamber airfoil. Flaps stick to one position till the landing or take-off is done.
Out of all parameters, the most important one is the AOA because it significantly increase or decrease lift produced. In order to understand the behaviour, we have 3 different airfoils – symmetric, negative camber and positive camber.
By analysing the graph, we can presume that positive chamber airfoil is beneficial to use. However to maintain flight level with increasing angle of attack, its velocity must decrease otherwise lift magnitude will be higher than aircraft and results in the climbing form. Both angle of attack and velocity have inverse relation.